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First semester

Vak EC Semester 1 Semester 2


Historiography (Europaeum programme) 5

Literature Seminar

Introduction to the History of States and Nations in Europe 5

Research Seminar

Choose one research seminar:

The American Civil Rights Movement 10
Italian unification and the 'romanisation' of Italy 10
The European Civil War 1914-1945 10
Revolutionary movements in modern Western society 10
Memory of the Holocaust 10
Consumption and material culture in Africa since c. 1850 5.0/10.0
Cross-cultural Connections, 1492-1776: Trade, Marriage and Business Networks 10
What's the problem? Old and new debates on migration 10
Seized by rumours. Intelligence networks in the Dutch colonial state 10
Economic Development of Southeast Asia 10
Medieval peoples and the birth of nations 10
Heroism in the Dutch Revolt 1566-1648, the true story! 10
Migration to the city globally compared (19th-21st centuries) 10

Meer info



The Europaeum Programme European History & Civilization leads to a Master of Arts in History diploma awarded by Leiden University, with an additional certificate presented by the Europaeum. This association, consisting of ten leading European universities (, has succeeded in combining resources to create a ‘university without walls’. The main goal of this experience is to provide future European and World leaders and scholars with knowledge and international experience at a formative stage. The programme is designed to give students a unique opportunity to study the history of European states and nations from the Late Middle Ages until the present day at three leading European universities: Leiden University, Université Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne), and the University of Oxford. The programme offers graduate students a special opportunity to deepen their knowledge of European history through the lens of three different university worlds. The programme is centred on the theme of the history of states and nations in Europe. The historical knowledge of this theme is increasingly important to understand Europe and the World today.


This one-year programme is divided into trimesters, with the first trimester of teaching taking place at Leiden, where students will be required to follow three courses and work on their MA-thesis:
1) Historical Methodology (5 ECTS)
2) Literature Seminar Introduction to the History of States and Nations in Europe (5 ECTS)
3) Research Seminar (10 ECTS) free choice according to student’s preferences and availability at the History Department
4) 5000-word proposal for a MA-thesis, under the direct supervision of an academic member of the Leiden History Department

During the second trimester students will move to Paris I where they will be required to follow three courses, present the final proposal for their MA-thesis and write a bibliographical essay, for a total of 20 ECTS. Students will still be able to enroll in any MA course offered by the Sorbonne according to their interests. The compulsory courses offered to students in Paris include:
1) European Structures of Power since the Middle Ages
2) Themes in Modern European History
3) The Historian and the Computer: an introduction
4) Bibliographical essay
5) final MA-thesis proposal

The third trimester will take place at Oxford and includes personal supervising tutorials for the individual theses, as well as weekly seminars on yearly changing subjects. These weekly seminars will be taylor-made for the Europaeum students, although opened to the wider Oxford academic community. The activities at Oxford University will be evaluated for 20 ECTS.

Teaching will be in English by key academic figures in each host university. Participants will also take part in the academic and social life of each of the three institutions. In each part of the programme, students select modules from a range of topics, and are thus able to tailor the course to their specific interests and requirements. In Oxford, students are affiliated to one of the following colleges: St Cross, St Hugh’s, Corpus Christi, Mansfield or Linacre College.
In each university there is an academic coordinator, with overall responsibility for academic and related arrangements linked to the course for that institution, who will work closely with students and with the other two coordinators, ensuring that the curriculum works as a coherent whole with high academic standards and without overlap.


For admission see: