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Biomedical Academic Scientific Training-2 (BAST-2)



Themes of BAST in the second year
In the first year of the study a start was made with Biomedical Academic Scientific Training (BAST). In the second year, BAST will further build on the themes of the first year. The specific themes of the second year are:

  • Clinical practice;

  • Determination of reliability of (biomedical) measurements;

  • Application and interpretation of statistical analysis of data, including epidemiological data;

  • Formulation of research objectives and a study design that are relevant to generate new knowledge;

  • Ethical and legal aspects of biomedical research;

  • Description and assessment of biomedical research in a social context.

During the second year, there will be a focus on the process of science in both laboratory and clinic. Emphasis will be put on biomedical sciences as a progressing science, by validating and invalidating hypotheses, and generating new ones, aiming at understanding and combating human diseases. Experiments, observations and proper data analyses serve as a basis for novel insights. During this year, it is learning of this process in theory and in practice that is central to the line. Important aspects include the formulation of research questions, the design of experimental studies and the statistical analysis of data. In the third semester there is an emphasis on the laboratory setting; in the fourth semester on the clinical setting.
Practicing the principles of critical reading is continued from the first year and students will be introduced to some of the legal and ethical issues involved in biomedical science. Where possible, teaching in the second year will be illustrated by using virtual examples of patients or sessions with actual patients.

Education and training of this line is integrated in the thematic modules. Moreover, a line module is scheduled: ‘Design and Analysis of Biomedical Studies’ (theme 1, 2, 3 and 5). The year assignment is scheduled next to the modules and must be carried out throughout the year.
Like in the first bachelor year, a year assignment must be carried out. This assignment involves an interview of a PhD student who is working on a biomedical problem. A report must be prepared that presents and discusses the background, research question, plan of investigation, and expected results of the project, placed in a societal context.
Either in the second or third bachelor year, the students must attend the two-yearly scheduled LIMSC (Leiden International Medical Student Conference) and make a report.

Course objectives

  • Integrated in the different modules;

  • Evaluation of the report of the year assignment. This must be judged a pass.

Assessment method

There are no specific course books other than specified in the various course modules. A Blackboard module for the second year line education BAST is available.


Concerning the ECTS: One credit is obtained for the year assignment in year 2. Apart from that, credits for BAST are integral part of the modules and not separately specified.

Coordinator BAST:
Peter J.K. Kuppen, PhD
Dept. of Surgery, D6-22
Tel. 071 526 4569/3968