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Consciousness (IBP)


Students of the Dutch bachelor’s programme, see Consciousness

Entry requirements



Consciousness is one of the most colorful concepts in science. Although it is still difficult to say what it actually is (the philosophical question), progress has been made in understanding how it works (the psychological question). The lectures cover theories and findings on the function and malfunction of consciousness, and address issues such as whether free will is an illusion, whether animals and robots are conscious, how conscious processes are neurally generated, and how drugs, dreams and meditation affect the conscious experience. The topics covered in the work group sessions relate to aspects, sub-functions or applications of consciousness, and focus on controversies that students then discuss in an academic paper (work group assignments). The purpose of the work group sessions is to guide students through the written assignment.

The student will acquire a broad understanding of classic and modern theories on consciousness and a deeper understanding of how theoretical concepts and hypotheses in this area can be applied to empirical phenomena and practical problems.

The student will learn to write and review an academic paper, as well as how to respond to such a review. The student will be trained in (English) academic writing, searching scientific literature, analysis, reasoning, reporting, applying editorial guidelines and reviewing.

Course objectives

The student will be able to explain and differentiate between key concepts and theories of consciousness and its methodologies for research.

Application of knowledge and understanding (academic skills): The student will be able to analyze and conceptualize a selection of theoretical and practical problems about human consciousness and related cognitive processes, and formulate empirical tests to address them.

General professional skills: The student will learn how to write a scientific report, evaluate a literature review, apply stylistic rules (APA) and use ICT. Furthermore, the student will also learn how to report analyses, theoretical considerations and recommendations to both scientific colleagues and the broader public.


For the timetables of your lectures, work group sessions, and exams, select your study programme.
Psychology timetables

Lectures Work group sessions Exams



Students need to register for lectures, workgroups and exams.
Instructions for registration in courses for the 2nd and 3rd year


Elective students have to enroll for each course separately. For admission requirements contact your exchange coordinator.


Students are not automatically enrolled for an examination. They can register via uSis from 100 to 10 calendar days before the date; students who are not registered will not be permitted to take the examination.
Registering for exams

Mode of instruction

8 2-hour lectures
3 mandatory work group sessions in Dutch or English.

Students choose 1 or 2 topics that relate to applications, fundamental questions or key phenomena of consciousness. The first work group session is plenary and the second and third in small groups (25 students). In the second and third sessions, students will discuss and work with their specific subtopic with their teacher and other students to gain more in-depth knowledge. They are instructed on how to write and review papers. The first version of the paper is due approx. 1 week after the third session, after which peers will review the paper. In a fourth optional writing workshop (a few days before the final deadline for the paper), the lecturers offer the students individual help with writing their paper. The specific deadlines for the papers and reviews will be published on Blackboard.

Assessment method

The course is evaluated with a multiple-choice exam (40 questions) and a paper assignment, including a peer-review task. The exam covers the literature from the book (all chapters).

The marks for the exam and the paper are weighted 75:25 respectively, in the final mark for the course. Students who do not (entirely) complete their peer review tasks, will have to perform the peer review task in the retake for the paper assignment, in order for their grade to become valid.

The Institute of Psychology uses fixed rules for grade calculation and compulsory attendance. It also follows the policy of the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences to systematically check student papers for plagiarism with the help of software. Disciplinary measures will be taken when fraud is detected. Students are expected to be familiar with and understand the implications of these three policies.

The date, time and location of the review of the exam and retake are disclosed during the course.

Reading list

Blackmore, S. (2010). Consciousness: An introduction. 3rd edition (note that we use the 3rd edition, no the 2nd. They differ in paging and chapters.

Contact information