Some knowledge of an ancien Indo-European language, e.g., Latin or Greek, is strongly recommended.
Which phonemes do we reconstruct for Proto-Indo-European and why? Why does Latin actus have a long a, but aptus a short one? When was the RUKI-rule phonemicized? How were the laryngeal pronounced and what type of evidence helps us to answer that question? These are all questions about the historical phonology of Proto-Indo-European that will come up during this course. Combined with the course Indo-European linguistics II: Morphology, which is taught in the second semester, the course will enable the student to reconstruct Proto-Indo-European words on the basis of words from various Indo-European languages.
Obtaining knowledge about phonological change between Proto-Indo-European and its daughter languages. Obtaining knowledge about the following sound laws: Brugmann, Bartholomae, Lachmann, Winter, Grimm, Verner, Kluge, Grassmann, ruki-regel, Sievers, Osthoff. Understanding the arguments for possible phonetic interpretations of reconstructed Proto-Indo-European phonemes. Developing reconstruction skills. Applying sound laws to reconstructed forms.
The timetables are available through My Timetable.
Mode of instruction
Lecture/Seminar Reading scholarly literature
Written examination with open questions. There is a resit with the same format.
How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.
R. Beekes, Comparative Indo-European linguistics: an introduction. Second edition, revised and corrected by M. de Vaan. Benjamins, 2011.
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