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Sociology of Religion


Admission requirements

This course is open to all students with an academic interest in the subject matter.


This course gives an overview of the most important themes in the sociology of religion. The course falls in two parts:
The first part of the course is concerned with theorising religion sociologically. We raise sociological questions at the level of the individual (e.g., why are people religious in the first place?; why are women more religious than men?), at the level of the nation-state (e.g., why are some countries more religious than others?; how and why do state-religion relations differ cross-culturally?), and at the level of religious communities (e.g., how are religious communities maintained socially?)

The second part of the course is concerned with the profound changes that have taken place in the religious field across the world during the 20th and 21st centuries. We explore the secularisation thesis, i.e. the idea that religion (necessarily) loses power, prestige, and plausibility as a result of modernisation, and evaluate alternatives to this master narrative (e.g., the subjectivisation thesis and the return-of-religion thesis). We compare the religious field in Europe (ongoing secularisation) with the United States (continued high levels of religion) and China (religious revival despite Communist oppression) and try to explain the differences between these cases. We also explore the rise of new, late modern ‘religiosity styles’, such as fundamentalism and holistic spirituality, and examine religion education as a case study on the relation between religion and civil society in the modern world. The course is rounded off with a workshop session in which we try to predict the future of religion given the data and theories discussed in the course.

Course objectives

Knowledge, insight, and content-bound skills

After successfully completing the course, students can

  • reflect on the aims and perspectives of the sociology of religion as an academic discipline;

  • draw on classic and contemporary sociological theories to answer fundamental questions concerning religious individuals, religious communities, and religious fields;

  • discuss the structure and dynamics of the late modern religious field, as well as the religiosity styles that characterise late modern religion;

  • adopt a well-argued position in the debate about processes of religious change in the (late) modern world – defending, for instance, the secularisation thesis or the subjectivisation thesis; and

  • critically test various sociological theories against empirical reality.

Transferable skills

After successfully completing this course, students have

  • developed their skills in interpreting simple quantitative tables containing sociological information;

  • developed their skills at evaluating the analytical value of theoretical concepts by confronting them with empirical material (qualitative and quantitative);

  • developed their skills at writing a well-argued, academic paper.


The timetables are available through My Timetable.

Mode of instruction

Students are given a few questions to go with the literature and expected to be ready to discuss the literature in class.

Assessment method

This course includes two test units:

  • Midterm. Written take-home exam (max 1200 words). Counts 40 %.

  • End-term. Written take-home exam (max 1800 words). Counts 60 %.


Please take note of the following: The final mark is determined as the weighted average of the midterm (40 %) and the end-term (60 %). To pass the course, students must obtain at least a sufficient mark (5.5) as the weighted average of these two marks.


Students who receive an overall insufficient grade for the course are given a new take-home exam (max 3000 words). The mark for this take-home exam substitutes the previous marks for both the midterm and the end-term, i.e. it determines the course mark for 100 %.

Exam review

Students receive written feedback (as a group) on both the midterm and end-term take-home exams. In addition, students are invited to make an appointment to discuss the feedback (individually) on the midterm and end-term take-home exams.

Reading List

  • Reader. “Sociology of Religion (BA-II/MI) 2022”, available from

  • Text book. Aldridge, Alan (2013), Religion in the Contemporary World: A Sociological Introduction, third edition, Cambridge & Malden, MA: Polity Press.

  • Online articles. To be downloaded through the university library and printed out individually by students.


Students are required to register through MyStudyMap is mandatory.

Registration Studeren à la carte

Registration Studeren à la carte

Registration Contractonderwiis

Registration Contractonderwijs


  • For substantive questions, contact the lecturer listed in the right information bar.

  • For questions about enrolment, admission, etc, contact the Education Administration Office: Vrieshof