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Elective: Regulation and Compliance


Admission requirements

This course is open to students enrolled in the Master Law and Society.


This module examines the evolution of different ideas about regulation and compliance, both from a governance perspective and from a corporate viewpoint. It starts with regulatory theory to analyze the different instruments and options available to regulate various aspects of society (regulatory design). The regulatory field has witnessed a shift from command and control by national governments to a greater diversity of involved actors, a larger variety of steering modes and an increasing importance of levels of government other than the nation-state (both decentralized and supra-national governance). The course proceeds by looking at how regulators as well as companies deal with the regulatory norms. We will look at enforcement styles, compliance management systems, and case studies of companies that have been caught for large-scale violations (capacity, incentives, corporate culture, different roles and positions within the company). The course will lastly focus on corporate social responsibility, regulatory globalization, regulatory capitalism, the (historical) development of the concepts in different regions, the national and global legal frameworks applicable, the stakeholders involved, and the social and legal issues that arise when global corporations operate in national economies. Several concrete case studies will be drawn from a range of countries from different regions during this course.

Course objectives

Objectives of the course

At the end of this course, students are able to

  • Identify, explain and apply a range of classic and ongoing theories and academic debates on regulation and compliance, and critically examine the concepts and problems addressed in them;

  • Review and critically evaluate the development of past and current regulatory regimes;

  • Identify the different legal and non-legal factors and actors that influence regulatory enforcement;

  • Argue, reflect and illustrate during a scientific debate related to a theme within the field of regulation and compliance;

  • Reconstruct and evaluate the process of different actors on the basis of a case study;

  • Apply the knowledge of regulatory enforcement in practice by independently plan and execute a simple qualitative empirical research of a regulatory enforcement situation and report the results during a presentation and in writing as an advisory report; suggestions for improvement are included in the conclusions.


The timetable of this course can be found here.

Mode of instruction


  • Number of (2 hour) interactive lectures: 5

  • Names of lecturers: dr. Marieke Kluin

  • Required preparation by students:


  • Number of (2 hour) seminars: 5 (mandatory)

  • Names of instructors: to be announced

  • Required preparation by students: students will have read and prepared the reading materials by answering three questions and formulating three questions related to all the reading materials.

All students are required to attend and actively participate during lectures and seminars.

Assessment method

Examination form(s)

  • Written examination, consisting of open questions (50%).

  • Research paper, as well as an oral presentation of the results (50%).

  • Each component has to be completed with a passing result (5,5) in order to complete the course successfully.

  • There will be a resit for both assessments. Depending on the number of participants, the course coordinator can decide that this retake will be an oral examination. In that case, you will be notified of this in time.

  • The partial exams that have been finished with a passing grade, will be valid up to and including the academic year following the year in which the grade has been achieved. To this there is one exception: when the learning objectives, content, design or examination of a course has been changed, the course coordinator can decide that the validity of the partial exam concerned has expired due to didactic reasons. This will be stated in the course description of the academic year in which the change(s) will be implemented.

Submission procedures
To be announced.

Areas to be tested within the exam
The examination syllabus consists of the required reading (literature) for the course, the course information guide and the subjects taught in the lectures, the seminars and all other instructions which are part of the course.

Regulation retake passed exams
In this course it is possible to retake an exam that has been passed (cf. art. and further of the Course and Examination Regulations), on the condition that this course is included in the compulsory components of the degree program. Students who have passed the exam may retake the final written assessment (test) of the course if they meet certain requirements. To retake a passed exam, students need to ask the Student Administration Office (OIC) for permission. For more information, go to 'course and exam enrollment' > 'permission for retaking a passed exam' on the student website.

Reading list

Course materials
A combination of international articles. The titles will be distributed via Brightspace.


Students have to register for the lectures and working groups through uSis. With this registration you have access to the digital learning environment of this course in Brightspace. You may register up to 5 calendar days before the first teaching session begins.

Students have to register for exams and retakes through uSis. With this registration you also have access to the digital learning environment of this course in Brightspace You may register up to 10 calendar days before the exam or retake.

Contact information


  • Institute: Criminal Law and Criminology

  • Department: Criminology

  • Room number secretary: KOG (Steenschuur 25 Leiden), room B3.11

  • Opening hours: 09:00 – 12:30

  • Telephone number secretary: 071 - 527 74 62

  • Email: