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Western Visual Arts and Architecture – 2000 Part II


Admission requirements

Similar to the admission requirements of the BA Art History.


This course description will be further updates in the course of August

This course is the continuation of the first-semester course Western Visual Arts and Architecture – 2000 part I. In these courses, students are presented with an overview of the art and architecture history of the western world until the early 21st century. The courses focus on the subthemes church, city and court.
Previously, the course was given by two separate teachers, who would focus on:
City and court of the 16th and 17th centuries;
with an accent on painting and sculpture in Italy, the Netherlands and France though sometimes other regions are touched upon as well. Artistis such as Michelangelo, Bernini, Rubens, Rembrand would be discussed as well as artistic centres such as Florence, Rome, Antwerp, Madrid and Amsterdam Architecture and city architecture (in context) from the 17th century to the present.
This part of the lecture series would take the cupola of the Duomo in Florence as a starting point, from there focusing on new building types, in the context of religious or profane life. The lecture series would continue with the art and architecture of the era of Napoleon, important 19th century developments such as the Great Exhibition 1851, building with new materials, start of monument conservation, discussions about building styles, and American architecture and its impact on Europe (Frank Lloyd Wright amongst others). The last class would focus on Dutch architecture of the 20th century.

As a university city, Leiden has many collections to offer. Short excursions will bring you closer to the collections and buildings in the city.

Course objectives

  • Students gain experience in looking at and understanding art and architecture from the 16th century until the 21st century.

  • Students are able to recognize and date artworks that were made in this period.

  • Students know how to use literature about artworks in this period.

  • Students have insight in the functions of art and the relationship between patrons and artworks, based on visual analysis.

  • Students are familiar with academic approaches in art history for the interpretation of artworks in this time frame.

  • Students acquire a critical

  • Students learn to apply the theoretical frameworks and knowledge about subcultures from the past to identify comparable present day cultural developments as a form of subculture.

  • Students learn to combine their academic skills, theoretical insight and their visual literacy to write a critical essay on subcultures, to analyze artworks and to present this in ways that connect to a specific visual style.


Visit MyTimetable.

Mode of instruction

  • Seminar

Assessment method


Mid-term exam (45%): written, take-home exam on the content of lectures 1-7.
Class participation (5%): In-class activities and occasional quizzes will be used over the course of the semester to keep a record of class participation of lectures 1-7.

Final exam (45%): written, take-home exam on the content of lectures 8-14.
Class participation (5%): In-class activities and occasional quizzes will be used over the course of the semester to keep a record of class participation of lectures 8-14.


The weighted average of the (constituent) examinations must be at least 6.0 (= a pass). The mark for the final examination (or the main assignment) must be at least 6.0 at (= a pass). The mark for all other constituent examinations must be at least 6.0 (= a pass). However, it is possible to compensate for one constituent examination a 5.0 (but not a mark lower than 5.0) with the grade of another constituent examination which has the same weight in the average as the constituent examination it compensates.


Inspection and feedback

How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.

Reading list

  • Fred S. Kleiner, Gardner’s Art through the Ages. A Global History (15th edition, International Edition). Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2016. [ISBN-13: 9781285754994 / ISBN-10:1285754999]

  • Additional literature will be published on Brightspace.


Enrolment through uSis is mandatory.
General information about uSis is available on the website.

Registration Studeren à la carte en Contractonderwijs

Registration Studeren à la carte.
Registration Contractonderwijs.


Dr. S.M. Steven Lauritano

For general questions about the course, contact