Bachelor of Physics with the course Physics of Elementary Particles or a clear equivalent. Recommended Origin and Structure of the Standard Model and Origin and Evolution of the Universe
This course will discuss how particle physics defines physics of the early universe, the subsequent cosmological scenario and the current state of the universe. Starting with basics of the Standard Model of particle physics (SM), we will see how the whole intricate structure of this theory exhibits itself in a hot and dense, quickly expanding universe. We will demonstrate that this allows to use astrophysical and cosmological observational data to check the SM. The next part will discuss the shortcomings of the Standard Model and different approaches to resolve them, as well as implications of this beyond the SM physics for the early universe (most importantly: the nature of dark matter, dark energy, mechanisms of baryogenesis and inflation).
Primoridal nucleosynthesis and big bang theory
Neutrinos in the early univrese and relic neutrinos at present epoch
Dark matter: evidence, DM particles, massive neutrinos as dark matter.
Neutrino masses, mixing angle, CP violation
DM as beyond the SM physics. Possible properties of non-SM DM particles: WIMPs, super-WIMPs, axions
Basic ideas of effective field theory and the structure of the Standard Model of particle physics.
Neutrino masses as BSM physics
The problem of baryogenesis. Baryogenesis as a beyond SM phenomenon
An overview of various beyond SM scenarios and their implications for cosmology.
The course will give an overview of cosmological observations, which are interested for particle physics. Students will obtain practical knowledge in relativistic quantum mechanics, BBN, neutrino physics, dark matter properties calculation.
Mode of instruction
Lectures and Seminars
Homeworks – 40%
Written exam – 60%
Final grade is a sum of grades for the homeworks and exam.
Exam can be retaken
Blackboard is used for obtaining homework and materials from lectures. To have access to Blackboard you need a ULCN-account.Blackboard UL
-Introduction to the Theory of the Early Universe: Hot Big Bang Theory by D.Gorbunov & V.Rubakov, World Scientific, 2010;
-Principles of physical cosmology by P.J.E. Peebles, Princeton University Press, 1993; -http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0004188 by J.Garcia-Bellido