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Please note that the following description of the course is only provisional and therefore subject to change.

Admission requirements

  • Background in law

  • Sufficient command of English



  • Criminalistics, the exact science part of the forensic sciences, focuses on examinations in criminal cases, the interpretation of the observations and the role of the forensic expert and his reporting in criminal law. Forensic science originated around the turn of the twentieth century and has long been the exclusive domain of the police. The methodological foundations of criminalistics have long been very weak, but in recent years they have developed to a great extent. In order to evaluate the evidence generated by forensic analyses, an understanding of its fundamentals is key. Important questions that come up during the course: What can criminalistics contribute in criminal justice proceedings? How should one communicate forensic evidence to professionals in the criminal justice system (investigators, prosecutors, judges, etc.)? How can forensic analyses be criticized from a scientific standpoint? These questions are discussed on the basis of concrete cases. In addition, some of the course is devoted to media attention and public interest in forensic science. For example, the widespread misunderstanding about what is possible in forensic science is considered, as well as the resulting disappointment when the practice proves to be more complicated than the fiction of television shows like CSI.

  • Classical principles of forensic science

  • Scientific interpretation and evaluation of evidence

  • Interfaces of forensic science, the law, law enforcement, and the general public

  • Reasoning with evidence in cases
    Key words: principles of forensic science; interpretation of evidence; science and the law; logical framework; evidential value; case assessment and interpretation; contextual information; areas of expertise; role of expert in judicial system.

Course objectives

Objectives of the course
The course has the following objectives:

  • Improve your knowledge of the possibilities and limitations of forensic science for investigative and evaluative purposes;

  • Raise your awareness of the gap between science and the law, and the role of science and logic in the judicial system;

  • Increase your awareness of the problems that arise at the interfaces of science, the law, law enforcement, and the general public.

Achievement levels
The following achievement levels apply with regard to the course:

  • See the above information



Mode of instruction


  • Number of (2 hour) lectures: (5) One 2-hour lecture per week for five weeks

  • Names of lecturers: prof. dr. Charles Berger

  • Required preparation by students: study assigned materials from the reader.


  • Number of (2 hour) seminars: (5) One 2-hour seminar per week for five weeks

  • Names of instructors: prof. dr. Charles Berger

  • Required preparation by students: response to written questions, oral presentation.

Other methods of instruction

  • Visit to the Netherlands Forensic Institute (1 day)

Assessment method

Examination form(s)

  • Written exam, open questions.

Submission procedures
Not applicable

Areas to be tested within the exam
The required reading (literature) for the course, the subjects taught in the lectures, the seminars and all other instructions which are part of the course.


More information on this course is offered in Blackboard.

Reading list

Obligatory course materials

  • Reader

Course information guide:

  • Not applicable


  • Available on Blackboard

Recommended course materials

  • To be announced


Students have to register for courses and exams through uSis.

Contact information


  • Institution: Criminal Law and Criminology

  • Division: Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure

  • Room number secretariat: KOG, room C1.02

  • Opening hours: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday & Friday 9 :00-17:00

  • Telephone number secretariat: +31 (0)71 527 7324

  • E-mail: