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The History of European Integration


Admission requirements

At least BSA (40 ects).


Five years after the Second World War ended, the two arch enemies France and Germany created the world’s first supranational international organisation by setting up the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). This proved to be the first step in a process that led to a European Union that now consists of an internal market and monetary union. In recent decades, the European Union has steadily increased its competences to other policy areas like migration, crime fighting, social policy, and foreign and defense policy. It has also expanded from 6 to 27 members – a number that is expected to increase in the future.

This course analyses the origins and the development of the European Union, a process that started to take shape from the end of WWI. The central question of this course is: what were the challenges faced by the members of the European Union that explain the choice for cooperation? The course also seeks to explain why the “process” of European integration sometimes seems to stagnate and why reforms in policy areas like agriculture and the budget are so difficult to achieve.

Course objectives

To provide students with an understanding of the choice for cooperation, the forms that cooperation took and the most important developments in the history of European integration. Students are expected to develop a firm grasp of the timing and nature of these developments, the most important reform areas, and the interests of the member states.


See website Minor EUS.
See also the timetable of Minor Dutch Studies

Method of instruction


Assessment method

  • Midterm exam 40%

  • Final exam 60%


Yes, see the site.

Reading list

Desmond Dinan, Europe Recast: A History of European Union (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).


Through uSis.

Contact information

Mw. Dr. Mr. A-I. Richard