nl en



Admission requirements

Students who want to take this course need to be admitted to the master program Criminal Justice.


Over the past years, migration policy and criminal law have increasingly become merged. This has first been noted and labeled as crimmigration in the United States, but the trend is visible across the globe. On the one hand immigration law violations are increasingly addressed as criminal offenses, on the other hand immigration law is also increasingly used as an instrument of crime control: rather than being rehabilitated and re-integrated in the country of residence, non-citizen criminals may lose their residence permits, in order to be excluded from the territory with the help of immigration law. Rising rates of immigration detention, an increase in the number of declared ‘undesirable aliens’ and recent proposals to criminalize illegal residence are some examples of the crimmigration-trend. In Europe, the literature is often framed in terms of securitisation. Strongly related to the crimmigration trend in Europe is the development of a political and public discourse in which immigrants are increasingly seen and addressed as ‘dangerous others’ if not as criminals. Although this ‘othering’ or framing of immigrants as a potential risky group dates back to the late nineties, the post 9/11 global war on terror and the rise of the security state seem to have intensified this negative stereotyping of immigrants. These developments have not let the field of policing and law enforcement untouched: recently various NGO’s have reported an increase in police-initiated action relying on the race, ethnicity, or national origin rather than on the behaviour of an individual or information that leads the police to a particular individual who has been identified as being, or having been, engaged in criminal activity. This course deals with crimmigration from an international and interdisciplinary perspective.

Course objectives


Besides raising questions on the legitimacy of the use of criminal law (and criminal law-like) instruments to control migration, and immigration law instruments to control crime, this course aims to address questions on the extent, the process and rationale of crimmigration in Europe and the US. In doing so, this course will not only focus on abstract theoretical notions that have been claimed to explain the crimmigration trend, but also on the practical implications and (un)intended consequences of crimmigration on the various criminal justice processes and actors, specifically addressing the issues of ethnic profiling, selective law enforcement and the framing of immigration.

Achievement levels

Students are able to:

  • Articulate in oral and written form their position on the complexities of the melting of criminal law and immigration law;

  • Explore in-depth a particular national or international subtheme related to crimmigration;

  • Collect and analyze primary and secondary data with respect to this topic;

  • Present their research findings in a professional way;

  • Write an article in English synthesizing theoretical insights on crimmigration and concrete empirical data collected.


The timetable of this course can be found in uSis.

Mode of instruction

Seminars and Working Groups

There are course lectures / seminars and working groups (5* 2 hours seminar and 5* 2 hours working group each week). In the interactive lectures or seminars articles will be discussed based on preparation by students. In the working groups, students will present their empirical research.

Andere onderwijsvorm(en)

Next to exploring relevant theories and literature, students will conduct empirical research including primary and secondary data collection with respect to either (a) a chosen country or (b) the subtheme of police selectivity and ethnic profiling. Students will take up this task in groups of two or three, but they will write their paper

Assessment method

  • All students write an individual research paper based on their (group) research in combination with the mandatory course literature and at least two added books or articles (70 percent of the final grade)

  • Presentation together with participation in the working groups account for 30 percent of the final grade.


Papers are submitted through Blackboard (with Safe assignment check) and a printed version is handed over to the course coordinator during the last week of the course.


More information on this course is offered in Blackboard.

Reading list

Verplicht studiemateriaal

Selected chapters from: B. Hudson & S. Ugelvik eds. (2012) Justice and Security in the 21st Century: Risks, rights and the rule of law (Routledge Studies in Liberty and Security), London: Routledge (256 pp.)

The remainder of the mandatory literate (articles) will be provided through Blackboard.

The course outline will be provided through Blackboard

Aanbevolen studiemateriaal



De aanmelding verloopt via uSis.

Contact information

  • Vakcoördinator:: Prof dr J.P. van der Leun

  • Bereikbaarheid: Monday till Friday, through the secretariat

  • E-mail:

  • Telefoon: +31 71 5277462

  • E-mail:


  • Institute: Criminal Law and Criminology

  • Department: Criminology

  • Opening hours: 09.00 to 12.30

  • Telephone secretariat: 071 – 527 74 62

  • E-mail:



Belangstellenden die deze cursus in het kader van contractonderwijs willen volgen (met tentamen), kunnen meer informatie vinden over kosten, inschrijving, voorwaarden, etc. op de website van Juridisch PAO