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Core: Approaches to Diversity


Admission requirements

There are no additional admission requirements


Specialists from different traditions discuss and demonstrate four research traditions in the study of linguistic diversity, including the background and the role of this tradition in the history of linguistics:

Universals and diversity: How do researchers who start from the assumption that there are structural and other specifically linguistic universals accommodate the observed variation among languages?
Description and analysis: How do researchers who aim to describe a language in its own terms develop analytic concepts and methods that are applicable cross-linguistically?
Processes of change: How do researchers reconcile long term general trends in language change (e.g. ‘sound laws’) with the fact that short term developments are seemingly random?

Cognition and use: How do researchers who start from the assumption that general cognitive and communicative capacities and processes underlie knowledge and use of language accomodate the observed variation among languages?

Course objectives

to be added


The timetable will be available by June 1st at the website of Research Master in Linguistics

Mode of instruction


Assessment method

Homework assignments.


Yes. Blackboard

Reading list

Will be announced on the Blackboard site


Exchange and Study Abroad students, please see the Study in Leiden website for information on how to apply.

Application for Contractonderwijs

After application, students can register for courses and exams through uSis

Contact information

Dr. A. Kloekhorst