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Indo-European Phonology


Admission requirements

The examination and, if indicated, the teaching of the following units of study can only be taken if the examinations of the preceding units of study have been passed of Language and Culture of the Indo-Europeans.


Which phonemes do we reconstruct for Proto-Indo-European and why? Why does Latin actus have a long a, but aptus a short one? How were the laryngeals pronounced and what type of evidence helps us to answer that question? These are all questions about the historical phonology of Proto-Indo-European that will come up during this course.

Course objectives

  • Obtaining knowledge about phonological change between Proto-Indo-European and its daughter languages.

  • Obtaining knowledge about the following sound laws: Brugmann, Bartholomae, Lachmann, Winter, Grimm, Verner, Kluge, Grassmann, RUKI-rule, Sievers, Osthoff.

  • Understanding the arguments for possible phonetic interpretations of reconstructed Proto-Indo-European phonemes.

  • Developing reconstruction skills.

  • Applying sound laws to reconstructed forms.


The timetables are available through My Timetable.

Mode of instruction

Lecture / Seminar

Assessment method

Written examination with open questions 100%.

Exam review

How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.

Reading list

R. Beekes, Comparative Indo-European linguistics: an introduction. Second edition, revised and corrected by M. de Vaan. Benjamins, 2011. (to be purchased before the start of the course)


Enrolment through My Studymap is mandatory

Registration Contract teaching

Information for those interested in taking this course in context of Contract teaching (with taking examinations), eg. about costs, registration and conditions.


For substantive questions, contact the lecturer listed in the right information bar

For questions related to the content of the course, please contact the lecturer, you can find their contact information by clicking on their name in the sidebar.

For questions regarding enrollment please contact the Education Administration Office Reuvensplaats E-mail address Education Administration Office Reuvensplaats:

For questions regarding your studyprogress contact the Coordinator of Studies


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