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Western Visual Arts and Architecture – 2000 Part II


Admission requirements

No special admission requirements. Similar to Admission requirements of the BA Art History


This course is the continuation of the first-semester course Western Visual Arts and Architecture – 2000 part I. In these courses, students are presented with an overview of the art and architectural history of the “western” world until the early 21st century.

The course consists of two distinct modules:

  • The lectures before the exam week will constitute one module, titled “Micro and Macro Narratives in European Art, 1500-1800.” We will examine artifacts (paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints, buildings, landscapes) in relation to their immediate contexts while also taking account of their larger global entanglements. A close reading of chapters 21-26 in Gardner’s Art Through the Ages. A Global History (16th edition) will provide the requisite foundation for further art historical study. At the same time, the course lectures will take aim at the soft underbelly of the “traditional” survey format, questioning its methodological assumptions and tracing its historiographical roots. Ideally, students will emerge from this class with a broader understanding of artistic developments in the early modern world and a nascent ability to understand and crtically assess art historical narratives.

  • The second module, consisting of the block of lectures after the exam week, will explore “Modern and Contemporary Architecture and Design.” This half of the course is organized around a careful reading of chapters 17-30 in Kathleen James-Chakraborty’s Architecture since 1400. During the lectures students will learn to understand key monuments of modern architecture from multiple perspectives (formal, strucutal, material, social, economic, aesthetic). While the assigned readings will introduce students to a breadth of important buildings and architectural developments, each lecture will focus on two buildings: one local example, close enough to visit, and one related example, outside of the Dutch context.

Course objectives

  • • Students gain experience in looking at and understanding art and architecture from the 16th century until the 21st century.

  • Students are able to recognize and date artworks that were made in this period.

  • Students learn how to find and use literature about the artworks from this period.

  • Students gain insight into the functions of art and the relationships that connect artworks to thoeriticians, patrons and diverse audiences.

  • Students gain familiarity with academic approaches in art history for the interpretation of artworks from this time frame.


The timetables are available through My Timetable.

Mode of instruction

  • Lecture

Assessment method


  • Final exam module 1: Micro and Macro Narratives in European Art, 1500-1800 (50%): written exam on the content of meetings 1-6.

  • Final exam module 2: Modern and Contemporary Architecture and Design (50%): written exam on the content of meetings 7-12.


The weighted average of the (constituent) examinations must be a passing grade. For both exams a mark below 5.0 is not allowed


A resit/ rewrite can be done for constituent examinations which are failed. As far as applicable all resits/ rewrites take place at the same time, after the final (constituent) examination.

Inspection and feedback

How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.

Reading list

Module 1 utilizes *Gardner’s Art Through the Ages. A Global History *(16th edition).

Module 2 uses Kathleen James-Chakraborty’s Architecture since 1400 (University of Minnesota Press, 2014). An online version of this text is available through the Leiden University library catalogue.



Enrolment through MyStudyMap is mandatory.
General information about course and exam enrolment is available on the website

Registration À la carte education, Contract teaching and Exchange

Information for those interested in taking this course in context of À la carte education (without taking examinations), eg. about costs, registration and conditions.

Information for those interested in taking this course in context of Contract teaching (with taking examinations), eg. about costs, registration and conditions.
For the registration of exchange students contact Humanities International Office.