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European Union Law: The Four Freedoms


Dutch students that have followed the 5 ECTS Course Europees Recht (BA II) will not receive credits for this course due to the material overlap.

Admission requirements

Background in law, preferably students are familiar with the basics of EU law (institutions, treaties, general principles)

Sufficient command of English (IELTS 6.5 or higher)


The EU internal market is at the very heart of the European integration process. It comprises an area where the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured. The fundamental freedoms will be studied through case-law of the European courts and their daily impact will be discussed: what are the consequences for natural and legal persons within the EU and how can their rights be protected? Can you establish yourself as a lawyer in other EU-Member States, can your family join, can your children get study grants? What are the rules behind French cheese, Belgian chocolate, Spanish wine and Swedish bread? These are just some of the issues which will be dealt with throughout this course. Students will acquire knowledge of EU substantive law and will learn to work with the EU treaties and secondary EU legislation. Students will learn to read and analyse cases from the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and study some of its most important judgments

Course objectives

Objectives of the course

The objective of this course will be to introduce students to the EU free movement rules. At the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • Interpret different sources of EU law on free movement, including primary and secondary law as well as case law in concrete cases

  • Apply different sources of EU law on free movement, including primary and secondary law as well as case law in concrete cases

  • Explain the basic principles underlying the EU internal market

  • Express a reasoned opinion on key concepts of the EU internal market in writing.

Achievement levels The following achievement levels apply with regard to the course: By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  • Solve practical cases

  • Construct a legal argument in writing


The timetable of this course can be found in uSis.

Mode of instruction


  • Number of (2 hour) lecture-seminars: 10 The course will take place over five weeks with two classes per week. Each lecture lasts two hours and they are interactive. The lecturer will discuss with students the assigned reading materials.

  • Names of lecturers: Dr. D. Piqani, B. Budinska LL.M.

  • Required preparation by students: Students should study carefully all assigned reading materials and cases. They should actively participate in discussion.

Assessment method

Examination form(s)

  • Written exam (100%). Students who fail the exam are entitled to sit a re-examination. Depending on the number of students failing the exam, the re-sit may take the form of an oral exam.

Areas to be tested within the exam
The examination syllabus consists of the required reading (literature) for the course, the course information guide and the subjects taught in the lectures.

Reading list

Obligatory course materials

  • C. Barnard and S. Peers (eds), European Union Law, Oxford University Press, latest edition

Course information guide:

  • Available on Brightspace


  • Course materials, will be made available on Brightspace.

Recommended course materials

  • Essential EU Law in Charts (2nd Lisbon Edition) by C. Tobler and J. Beglinger (Budapest, latest edition)


Exchange students have priority and will be registered for the course first. Any remaining seats will be available for students from Leiden University and other Dutch Universities.

Students have to register for the lectures and working groups through uSis. With this registration you have access to the digital learning environment of this course in Brightspace. You may register up to 5 calendar days before the first teaching session begins.

Students have to register for exams and retakes through uSis. With this registration you also have access to the digital learning environment of this course in Brightspace You may register up to 10 calendar days before the exam or retake.

Contact information


  • Institute: Public Law

  • Department: European Law

  • Room number secretary: B. 1.11

  • Opening hours: Mon-Fri 9.00-17.00

  • Telephone number secretary: 071 – 527 3596

  • Email: